výhody registrácie

1. kniha Samuelova

Biblia - Sväté písmo

(CPDV - Anglický - Catholic PD)

1Sam 23, 1-28

1 And they reported to David, saying, “Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and they are plundering the grain stores.” 2 Therefore, David consulted the Lord, saying, “Shall I go and strike down these Philistines?” And the Lord said to David, “Go, and you shall strike down the Philistines, and you shall save Keilah.” 3 And the men who were with David said to him, “Behold, we continue in fear here in Judea; how much more so, if we go into Keilah against the troops of the Philistines?” 4 Therefore, David consulted the Lord again. And responding, he said to him: “Rise up, and go into Keilah. For I will deliver the Philistines into your hand.” 5 Therefore, David and his men went into Keilah. And they fought against the Philistines, and they took away their cattle, and they struck them with a great slaughter. And David saved the inhabitants of Keilah. 6 And in that time, when Abiathar, the son of Ahimelech, was in exile with David, he had descended to Keilah, having an ephod with him. 7 Then it was reported to Saul that David had gone to Keilah. And Saul said: “The Lord has delivered him into my hands. For he is enclosed, having entered into a city which has gates and bars.” 8 And Saul instructed all the people to descend in order to fight against Keilah, and to besiege David and his men. 9 And when David had realized that Saul had secretly prepared evil against him, he said to Abiathar, the priest, “Bring the ephod.” 10 And David said: “O Lord God of Israel, your servant has heard a report that Saul is planning to go to Keilah, so that he may overturn the city because of me. 11 Will the men of Keilah deliver me into his hands? And will Saul descend, just as your servant has heard? O Lord God of Israel, reveal to your servant.” And the Lord said, “He will descend.” 12 And David said, “Will the men of Keilah deliver me, and the men who are with me, into the hands of Saul?” And the Lord said, “They will deliver you.” 13 Therefore, David, and his men of about six hundred, rose up, and, departing from Keilah, they wandered here and there, aimlessly. And it was reported to Saul that David had fled from Keilah, and was saved. For this reason, he chose not to go out. 14 Then David stayed in the desert, in very strong places. And he stayed on a mount in the wilderness of Ziph, on a shady mount. Nevertheless, Saul was seeking him every day. But the Lord did not deliver him into his hands. 15 And David saw that Saul had gone out, so that he might seek his life. Now David was in the desert of Ziph, in the woods. 16 And Jonathan, the son of Saul, rose up and went to David in the woods, and he strengthened his hands in God. And he said to him: 17 “Do not be afraid. For the hand of my father, Saul, will not find you. And you shall reign over Israel. And I will be second to you. And even my father knows this.” 18 Therefore, they both struck a pact before the Lord. And David stayed in the woods. But Jonathan returned to his house. 19 Then the Ziphites ascended to Saul at Gibeah, saying: “Behold, is not David hidden with us in very secure places in the woods on the hill of Hachilah, which is to the right of the desert? 20 Now therefore, if your soul has desired to descend, then descend. Then it will be for us to deliver him into the hands of the king.” 21 And Saul said: “You have been blessed by the Lord. For you have grieved for my situation. 22 Therefore, I beg you, go forth, and prepare diligently, and act carefully. And consider the place where his foot may be, and who may have seen him there. For he thinks, concerning me, that I craftily plan treachery against 162 him. 23 Consider and seek out all his hiding places, in which he may be concealed. And return to me with certainty about the matter, so that I may go with you. But if he would even press himself into the earth, I will search him out, amid all the thousands of Judah.” 24 And rising up, they went to Ziph before Saul. But David and his men were in the desert of Maon, in the plain to the right of Jeshimon. 25 Then Saul and his allies went to seek him. And this was reported to David. And immediately, he descended to the rock, and he moved about in the desert of Maon. And when Saul had heard of it, he pursued David in the desert of Maon. 26 And Saul went to one side of the mountain. But David and his men were on the other side of the mountain. Then David was despairing that he would be able to escape from the face of Saul. And Saul and his men enclosed David and his men in the manner of a crown, so that they might capture them. 27 And a messenger came to Saul, saying, “Hurry and come, because the Philistines have poured themselves out upon the land.” 28 Therefore, Saul turned back, ceasing in the pursuit of David, and he traveled to meet the Philistines. For this reason, they called that place, the Rock of Division.

1Sam 23, 1-28

Verš 6
And in that time, when Abiathar, the son of Ahimelech, was in exile with David, he had descended to Keilah, having an ephod with him.
1Sam 22:20 - But one of the sons of Ahimelech, the son of Ahitub, whose name was Abiathar, escaping, fled to David.

1Sam 23,1 - Keila, dnes Kílá, mesto na júdskej rovine, južne od Id el-Má (porov. Joz 15,44).

1Sam 23,6 - Verš vysvetľuje, že sa Dávid dopytoval Pána pomocou efódu, na ktorom veľkňaz nosil posvätné osudie (porov. pozn. k Joz 7,14–23).

1Sam 23,13 - Ako vidieť, Dávidov sprievod vzrástol zo 400 na 600 mužov.

1Sam 23,14 - Pevnosťami treba rozumieť kopce a jaskyne, ktoré ľahko bolo opevniť. – Zif, dnes Tel Zif, je asi 3 hod. južne od Hebronu.

1Sam 23,15 - Južne od Zifu je dnes zborenisko, zvané Hurésa. Tam asi treba hľadať Horesu.

1Sam 23,19 - Hachila je neznámy kopec. Niektorí ho stotožňujú s kopcom Dahr el-Kólá, východne od Zifu.

1Sam 23,24 - Máon, dnešné zrúcanisko Máín, je južne od Zifu.

1Sam 23,25 - Skala, ku ktorej sa Dávid utiahol, je nám neznáma.

1Sam 23,28 - Miesto dostalo toto meno preto, lebo sa tam vzdialili, "oddelili" od seba vojská Šaula a Dávida.