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Kniha Levitikus

Biblia - Sväté písmo

(CPDV - Anglický - Catholic PD)

Lv 25, 1-55

1 And the Lord spoke to Moses on mount Sinai, saying: 2 Speak to the sons of Israel, and you shall say to them: When you will have entered into the land which I will give to you, rest on the Sabbath of the Lord. 3 For six years you shall sow your field, and for six years you shall care for your vineyard, and you shall gather its fruits. 4 But in the seventh year, there shall be a Sabbath of the land, a resting of the Lord. You shall not sow your field, and you shall not care for your vineyard. 5 What the soil shall spontaneously produce, you shall not harvest. And you shall not gather the grapes of the first-fruits as a crop. For it is a year of rest for the land. 6 But these shall be yours for food, for you and for your men and women servants, and for your hired hands, and for the newcomers who sojourn with you: 7 all that grows on its own shall provide food for your beasts and cattle. 8 You shall also number for yourselves seven weeks of years, that is, seven times seven, which together makes forty-nine years. 9 And you shall sound the trumpet in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, at the time of the atonement, throughout all your land. 10 And you shall sanctify the fiftieth year, and you shall proclaim a remission for all the inhabitants of your land: for the same is the Jubilee. A man shall return to his possession, and each one shall go back to his original family, 11 for it is the Jubilee and the fiftieth year. You shall not sow, and you shall not reap what grows in the field of its own accord, and you shall not gather the first-fruits of the crop, 12 due to the sanctification of the Jubilee. But you shall eat them as they present themselves. 13 In the year of the Jubilee, all shall return to their possessions. 14 When you will sell anything to your fellow citizen, or buy anything from him, do not cause your brother grief, but buy from him according to the number of years from the Jubilee, 15 and he shall sell to you according to the computation of the produce. 16 The more years that will remain after the Jubilee, the more the price shall increase, and the less the time is numbered, so much less shall the purchase price be. For he will sell to you the time for the produce. 17 Do be willing to afflict your countrymen, but let each one fear his God. For I am the Lord your God. 18 Accomplish my precepts, and observe my judgments, and complete them, so that you may be able to live in the land without any fear, 19 and so that the soil may produce its fruits for you, from which you may eat, even to fullness, dreading violence by no one. 20 But if you will say: What shall we eat in the seventh year, if we do not sow and do not gather our produce? 21 I will give my blessing to you 69 in the sixth year, and it shall yield the produce of three years. 22 And in the eighth year you shall sow, but you shall eat from the old produce, until the ninth year, until what is new matures, you shall eat what is old. 23 Also, the land shall not be sold in perpetuity, for it is mine, and you are newcomers and settlers to me. 24 Therefore, every region of your possession shall be sold under the condition of redemption. 25 If your brother, being in need, will have sold his little possession and his close relative is willing, he is able to redeem what he had sold. 26 But if he has no near relative, and he himself is able to find the price to redeem it, 27 the produce shall be calculated from that time when he sold it. And what is lacking, he shall repay to the buyer, and so he shall receive his possession. 28 But if his hand will not have discovered a way to repay the price, the buyer shall have what he bought, until the year of the Jubilee. For in that year all that has been sold shall return to the owner, and to the original possessor. 29 Whoever will have sold a house within the walls of a city shall have the freedom to redeem it, until one year has been completed. 30 If he has not redeemed it, and the year will have turned full circle, the buyer and his posterity shall possess it, in perpetuity, and it is not able to be redeemed, even in the Jubilee. 31 But if the house is in a village, which has no walls, it shall be sold by the law of the fields. If it has not been redeemed beforehand, then in the Jubilee it shall return to the owner. 32 The buildings of the Levites, which are in the cities, are always able to be redeemed. 33 If they have not been redeemed, then in the Jubilee they shall return to the owners, for the houses of the cities of the Levites are for their possession among the sons of Israel. 34 But let not their suburbs be sold, for it is an everlasting possession. 35 If your brother has become impoverished, or infirm of hand, and you take him in, like a newcomer or a sojourner, and he lives with you, 36 do not accept usury from him, nor anything more than what you gave. Fear your God, so that your brother may be able to live with you. 37 You shall not give him your money by usury, nor exact from him an overabundance of produce. 38 I am the Lord your God, who led you away from the land of Egypt, so that I might give to you the land of Canaan, and so that I may be your God. 39 If your brother, having been compelled by poverty, will have sold himself to you, you shall not oppress him with the servitude of indentured servants. 40 But he shall be like a hired hand or a settler; he shall work with you, until the year of the Jubilee. 41 And after that, he shall depart with his children, and he shall return to his kindred, to the possession of his fathers. 42 For these are my servants, and I led them away from the land of Egypt; let them not be sold into the condition of servitude. 43 Do not afflict him by power, but be fearful of your God. 44 Let your male and female servants be from the nations which are all around you, 45 and from the newcomers who sojourn with you, or who have been born from them in your land. These you shall have as servants, 46 and, by the right of inheritance, you shall transmit them to your posterity, and you shall possess them forever. But do not oppress your brothers, the sons of Israel, by power. 47 If the hand of a newcomer or a sojourner will have grown strong among you, and your brother, having become impoverished, will have sold himself to him, or to any of his stock, 48 after the sale, he is able to be redeemed. Whoever is willing among his brothers shall redeem him: 49 either the paternal uncle, or the paternal uncle’s son, or his close relative, by blood or by affinity. But if he himself will be able also, he shall redeem himself, 50 considering only the years from the time of his selling until the year of the Jubilee, and calculating the money for which he was sold, according to the number of years and the accounting of a hired hand. 51 If there will have been many years which remain until the Jubilee, according to these shall he also repay the price. 52 If few, he shall determine the accounting with him according to the number of years, and he shall repay to the buyer by what is left remaining of the years; 53 his wages being charged by what served before. He shall not afflict him violently in your sight. 54 But if, by these means, he will not be able to be redeemed, then in the year of the Jubilee he shall depart with his children. 55 For they are my servants, the sons of Israel, whom I led away from the land of Egypt.

Lv 25, 1-55

Verš 2
Speak to the sons of Israel, and you shall say to them: When you will have entered into the land which I will give to you, rest on the Sabbath of the Lord.
Ex 23:10 - For six years, you shall sow your land and gather its produce.

Verš 43
Do not afflict him by power, but be fearful of your God.
Ef 6:9 - And you, lords, act similarly toward them, setting aside threats, knowing that the Lord of both you and them is in heaven. For with him there is no favoritism toward anyone.
Kol 4:1 - You masters, supply your servants with what is just and equitable, knowing that you, too, have a Master in heaven.

Verš 36
do not accept usury from him, nor anything more than what you gave. Fear your God, so that your brother may be able to live with you.
Ex 22:25 - If you lend money to the poor of my people who live among you, you shall not coerce them like a collector, nor oppress them with usury.
Dt 23:19 - You shall not lend money, or grain, or anything else at all, to your brother at interest,
Prís 28:8 - Whoever piles up riches by usury and profit gathers them for him who will give freely to the poor.
Ez 18:8 - if he has not lent upon usury, nor taken any increase, if he has averted his hand from iniquity, and has executed true judgment between man and man,
Ez 22:12 - They have accepted bribes among you to shed blood. You have received usury and superabundance, and in avarice you have oppressed your neighbors. And you have forgotten me, says the Lord God.

Verš 39
If your brother, having been compelled by poverty, will have sold himself to you, you shall not oppress him with the servitude of indentured servants.
Ex 21:2 - If you buy a Hebrew servant, six years shall he serve you; in the seventh, he shall depart freely, without charge.
Dt 15:12 - When your brother, a Hebrew man or a Hebrew woman, has been sold to you, and has served you for six years, in the seventh year you shall set him free.
Jer 34:14 - ‘When seven years have been completed, let each one release his brother, a Hebrew, who had been sold to him. And so he will serve you for six years, and then you shall release him to be free from you.’ But your fathers did not listen to me, nor did they incline their ear.

Lv 25,1-7 - Ako siedmy deň bol zasvätený Pánovi a ako sa slávil vždy väčšmi prvý deň v siedmom mesiaci, tak aj každý siedmy rok bol zvlášť zasvätený Pánovi. V tento rok každý pozemok a roľa mala odpočívať, nemala sa obrábať, aby sa tým naznačilo, že Pán je majiteľom všetkého.

Lv 25,8-55 - Jubilejný alebo milostivý rok slávil sa po 49. roku, a to počnúc Dňom zmierenia. Ohlasoval sa trúbením na baraních rohoch. Odtiaľ je aj jeho pomenovanie: jóbél-baran. Jubilejný rok sa začínal 10. dňom siedmeho mesiaca (tišri). V tento rok pôda a všetko na poli odpočívalo ako v sobotňajší rok. V jubilejný rok vracali sa domy a pole predchádzajúcemu majiteľovi, ktorý ich bol predtým pre svoju chudobu predal. Izraelita nemohol natrvalo predať svoj majetok. Predávalo sa len úžitkové právo, a to len do najbližšieho jubilejného roku (v. 16). Jubilejným rokom Pán pripomínal Izraelitom, že zasľúbená zem je majetkom jeho a že on ju daroval svojmu vyvolenému národu. – Nevracali sa domy a pole, ktoré sľubom boli venované Bohu a ktoré neboli vykúpené pred jubilejným rokom (v. 17–21), domy v ohradených mestách, čo do roka po odpredaji neboli vykúpené. V jubilejný rok prepúšťali na slobodu otrokov židovského pôvodu. Preto sa tento rok volal aj "rokom slobody" (Ez 46,17). Napokon odpúšťali sa tiež dlhy, za ktoré dlžník bol prinútený dať svoje pole do zálohu, alebo za ktoré sám seba dal do otroctva.